Valuing a Key Employee
- Multiple of Compensation: Annual compensation multiplied by a selected factor determined in part by the difficulty the business will have in replacing the employee. (This method needs to be adjusted to market salary if the employee is an owner that is being paid only a small salary which does not accurately reflect his or her value to the business.)
- Contribution to Profits: The company’s total excess profit is multiplied by the percentage of the company’s profit attributable to the key employee, then multiplied by the number of years needed to find and train a competent replacement.
- Cost of Replacement: The total of the direct, out-of-pocket costs involved in finding, hiring, and training a replacement, as well as the estimated “loss of opportunity” costs.
Pre-Funding the Loss of a Key Employee
Most businesses do not have the necessary funds on hand to meet the unexpected costs related to the loss of a key employee. Many business owners choose life insurance to protect themselves against the loss of a key employee. The premiums are small compared to the lump sum which will be available when death occurs.
If permanent type policies are used and the key person becomes disabled or leaves, policy values can be available to the business in time of need. Additionally the business may be able to continue the policy with a new key person as the insured.
How Does It Work?
Key person life insurance is a simple concept for business owners to understand. The business applies for, pays premiums on, owns and is the beneficiary of a life insurance policy on the key person’s life.
Premiums are not income tax-deductible, but death benefits are received by the business income tax-free if the requirements under IRC 101 (j) for employer-owned life insurance are met. IRC 101 (j) requires a signed notice and consent from executed before the issuance of the policy and other administrative reporting. Life insurance proceeds received by a C corporation may be subject to Alternative Minimum Tax.
Life insurance is a logical solution to the uncertainty of loss of a key employee. Having a plan in place will help ensure the continued success of the business in difficult times. Columbus Life offers various types of policies to meet coverage and premium needs. Contact your Columbus Life financial professional for more information.
-article taken from Columbus Life Advanced Markets Insights, Columbus Life Insurance Company, 400 E. 4th Street, Cincinnati, OH 45202-3302. From September 2011http://www.newsadinsurance.com/